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13 Problems in Solar Panels

Thermographic Examination with Drone

Solar Power Plants Panel Failures

Solar panels are devices used to convert solar energy into electrical energy. These panels have an important role in providing a clean and renewable energy source.
However, some problems may arise in solar panels. Here are the most common problems encountered in solar panels:

1. Efficiency of Solar Panels: The efficiency of solar panels refers to the ability to convert sunlight into electrical energy. Solar panels may show changes in their efficiency depending on environmental factors. For example, dust or dirt accumulated on the panel can reduce the efficiency of the panels by preventing sunlight from reaching the panel surface.

2. Damage to Panels: Solar panels are vulnerable to damage because they are exposed to outdoor weather conditions. Excessive rain, wind, hail or snow can cause scratches or fractures on the surface of the panels. This can reduce the efficiency of the panels.

3. Cable Problems: Cables are used to convert the electrical energy of solar panels into electrical energy used in homes through an inverter. However, aging or damage to the cables over time can affect the performance of the solar energy system.

4. Improper Positioning of Panels: Solar panels should be positioned correctly as the sun’s rays should fall directly on the panel surface. If the panels are not positioned correctly, they cannot benefit from sunlight sufficiently and their efficiency decreases. It is very important to maximise the efficiency by making the most accurate calculations in advance for the correct irradiation values.

5. Connection Problems: The correct connection of the parts in the solar energy system ensures that the solar energy system operates efficiently. However, problems such as incorrect connections or loosening of connections can affect system performance and may lay the foundation for problems that will arise later.

6. Inverter Problems: Inverters are used to convert direct current (DC) from solar panels into alternating current (AC) used in homes. Inverters are one of the most important parts in the system and can fail due to reasons such as incorrect sizing, environmental factors or manufacturing defects. Choosing the wrong inverter is also one of the most important factors that will affect this process badly.

7. Battery Problems: Some solar energy systems use batteries to store energy. However, batteries have a limited lifespan and their charging capacity may decrease or completely fail over time. Also, incorrect battery selection or improper use can affect system performance.

8. Environmental Factors: Solar energy systems are sensitive to environmental factors because they are exposed to outdoor weather conditions. Especially extreme hot or cold weather conditions, solar panels and may have adverse effects on other system components. For this reason, proper engineering is important and care should be taken to take into account the factors that may arise later. For example, the installation of an incorrect lighting pole in the field may create shading on the panel at certain times of the day, or plant assets that may occur near the panel are some of the environmental factors that may create shading in the same way.

9. Maintenance Issues: Solar energy systems require regular maintenance. In particular, operations such as cleaning the panels, checking cables and connections, maintenance of batteries and inverters should be carried out regularly. If maintenance is not performed, system performance may decrease or malfunctions may occur.

10. Overload Problems: Solar energy systems may experience problems in overload situations because they have a certain capacity. This situation usually occurs when the devices connected to the system consume more than the capacity determined by the solar energy producers. It can reduce system performance or cause system failure.

11. Failure and Technical Problems: Solar energy systems may experience technical problems such as hardware failures, cable or connection problems. These problems can cause the components in the system not to function properly and cause loss of efficiency.

12. Monitoring and Control Problems: Solar energy systems can cause performance problems if not properly monitored and controlled. Monitoring and control mechanisms must be designed and used correctly in order to detect and resolve any problems in the system.

13. Design Issues: The design of solar energy systems is an important factor that directly affects the performance of the system. An incorrect design can cause a loss of efficiency in energy production or cause the system to not work correctly.
Solar energy systems are generally preferred due to their low maintenance costs and environmentally friendly nature. However, the problems mentioned above can occur if the system is not designed, installed or used correctly.

Therefore, before installing a solar energy system, it is important to carry out a professional installation by making a proper planning and design and to carry out regular maintenance for the system.

In installations; supply problems may occur due to engineering, errors made by technical personnel in the field and the production of PV panels. In order to prevent such situations, we report the results of thermal inspections with MapperX. Maintenance and repair of solar power plants is of serious importance for the health and efficiency of your solar panels. Visit the website to learn more about “DJI Mavic 3 Thermal (M3T) Technical Specifications”