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What is a Solar Panel Inverter

What is a Solar Panel Inverter is one of the most important parts of a solar energy system. A solar inverter converts the energy from solar panels into a form of electricity that can be used in your home or business. The basic function of the inverter is to convert the direct current (DC) power generated by solar panels into alternating current (AC) power that can be used in homes and businesses.

Solar inverters, also known as PV inverters, play a very important role in a solar energy system. They are often considered the brains of a project. The solar panel inverter is useful in changing direct current to alternating current. Direct current is the power that flows in a circuit in one direction and helps to provide current when there is no electricity.

An inverter works by taking the variable direct current or ‘DC’ output from your solar panels and converting it into alternating 220V current or ‘AC’ output. The appliances in your home run on AC, not DC, so the solar inverter needs to replace the DC output collected by your solar panels.

It shines on your solar panels (or photovoltaic (PV) cells), which are made up of semiconductor layers containing crystalline silicon or gallium arsenide. These layers are a combination of both positive and negative layers connected by a junction. When the sun shines, the semiconductor layers absorb the light and send the energy to the PV cell. Once produced, this energy is stored in a battery for later use or sent directly to an inverter. Inverters convert the direct current voltage from the solar panels into alternating current.

Any malfunction in the solar panel will also damage the inverter and cause a loss in production. Afterwards, it is necessary to carry out regular maintenance operations and to check whether any malfunction occurs in the panels.

Preventing Yield Losses with MapperX

Solar Power Plants are installed based on a comprehensive efficiency analysis. However, the performance loss due to SPP system failures is not taken into account in the analysis. Since system efficiency is directly related to temperature, it is important to ensure regular controls to maintain efficiency. Economic Advantages of Solar Energy Systems you can read our article